Enelbin Direct intramuscular or intravenous injection of Enelbin Paste N (Zinc Oxide) 1 mg/mL (Zinc Chloride Injection, USP) is contraindicated as the acidic pH of the Sodium pentosan polysulfate (PPS) is a linear polymer prepared from xylan, a complex hemicellulose extract of the plant (Beechwood) origin. PPS is one of the sulfated heparinoid compounds. The heparin-like anti-coagulant effects have been reduced and the anti-inflammatory, fibrinolytic and tissue trophic effects have been enhanced.
PENTOSAN INJECTION actively reverses the effects of osteoarthritis in the joints via a series of actions including:
1. Stimulating Chondrocyte Metabolism: Results in increased production of proteoglycans and healthy cartilage matrix. PPS stimulates synovial fibroblasts and produces an increased amount of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid which results in an increased production of normally viscous joint fluid. Improving the fluid volume and consistency results in more effective joint lubrication and also stabilization, which limits further cartilage damage.
2. Anti-inflammatory Activity: PPS has an inhibitory action on all mediators of the arachidonic acid cascade. PPS also inhibits the lysosomal catabolic enzymes histamine, hyaluronidase, cathepsin B, and polymorphonuclear elastase. PPS exerts a specific inhibitory effect on mediators implicated in the degradation of cartilage matrix components, preserving the cartilage and thus preventing the release of the highly inflammatory mediators, which relieves pain and inflammation.
(c) Fibrinolysis and Lipolysis: PPS is strongly fibrinolytic, stimulating the release of plasminogen activator and promotes the dissolution of thrombi and fibrin deposits in synovial tissues and subchondral blood vessels. PPS also mobilizes lipids and cholesterol in synovial and s blood vessels, which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis in older animals. These effects combine to increase the pre-fusion to the joint, which stimulates cartilage healing and repair.
is a very sophisticated approach to the long term management of osteoarthritis in horses.
is equally effective by both intramuscular (IM) and intra-articular(IA) injection. Unlike traditional treatments, the unique effects ofpromote the healing and the restoration of a healthy joint, in addition to having a safe anti-inflammatory effect.
is NOT a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug like Phenylbutazone nor the cortisones (both of which have damaging effects on joints with prolonged use).oes not suppress joint cartilage healing and repair. Rather than simply masking the pain, PPS directly stimulates joint healing and repair.
Corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory agents, and NSAIDs all relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis but DO NOT ALTER THE DISEASE PROCESS. Both hydrocortisone and NSAIDs have a marked inhibitory effect on the biosynthesis of the components of the extracellular